This will lessen the chances of fungal diseases overwintering in the foliage. They need that time to become established and build up their root systems. Planting asparagus should be carefully planned out. Answer: Asparagus is a hardy perennial. How to Take Care of Asparagus Plants Prepare the soil. Asparagus plants can continue producing for 20 to 30 years and can be divided or transplanted if they become overcrowded or could benefit from a move. This will help to smother the weeds in the bed and will help fertilize the bed for next year. Don't let the roots dry out before planting. Cut the ferns down to about 2 inches after they turn brown or yellow in the fall. You can do this in early spring before the shoots appear, or in the fall after the fronds have died back and been cut to the ground. Increase humidity by misting their fern-like leaves daily. At this point, allow the plants to grow into their mature ferny foliage, which will feed the roots for next year's crop. Asparagus fern is not usually very susceptible to diseases. Brush off any visible dirt or give the spears a light washing with cold water before storing. Asparagus is one of the first vegetables that is ready to harvest in the spring and also one of the few perennial vegetables grown in the garden. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The berries drop and the seeds will start new plants. Add second layer of asparagus and end with a layer of cheese. My Asparagus Looks Like a Fern, What Should I Do? You can harvest a few spears in the third year of growth. In mild climates, the root crowns of asparagus need no special winter care, but in cooler regions, winterizing the asparagus bed is a must. Asparagus originated in Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean regions. Autumn is the only time of year to plant asparagus in the South. The mulch prevents weeds, helps maintain a consistent soil temperature and conserves moisture. Asparagus produces edible shoots from late winter into early spring. If any health problems occur, they result out of a lack of care. Frequently water the plant afterwar Lack of nutrients 1. Destroy plants infected with rust or wilt. Unlike many plants, the roots of asparagus crowns can withstand some air exposure, and you will usually find them for sale loose. To keep the soil rich and help feed the asparagus plants, top dress the soil annually with compost. For healthy, well-established asparagus plants, patience is key. I have an Asparagus setaceus plumosain my bathroom and it has been there for a couple of years, gets no direct sun, and is a nice dark green. The asparagus spears are straight young shoots of the plant, with scale-like tips. Asparagus roots form a tightly woven mat, from which it is challenging to remove weeds. With the right care, an asparagus bed can produce for 10 to 20 years. The most common way to plant asparagus crowns is in a trench. The soil must drain well so the plants are never sitting in water. Later in the season, the foliage matures into an airy, light-green, fern-like cloud, which changes to a golden color in the fall. As shoots appear, add more soil to fill the trench until it's ultimately filled and flush with the soil line. Use a balanced fertilizer, such as 5-10-10 or 5-10-5, and apply at a rate of 2 pounds per 100 square feet. Once they start hitting their stride, you will be harvesting asparagus spears for more than a month every spring. Remove weeds when preparing the bed, and keep weeding while the asparagus plants are young. Work in plenty of organic matter and make sure the soil pH is in the neutral 6.5 to 7.0 range. Solution: Fertilize weekly or biweekly from April until September Lack of light 1. Many gardening writers will tell you that the best time to plant asparagus is in the spring. Start asparagus seedlings from seed from early February to May by planting them indoors in pots under a grow lamp or in a greenhouse or cold-frame. Asparagus is a heavy feeder, and you should also give it a dose of fertilizer in mid-spring when it is actively growing. Factors such as where to plant (keeping in mind it will come back for many years to come), the varieties or method of planting; either by seeds or from asparagus crowns, and the age of the crown should be taken into consideration, as well. And like all perennials fall clean-up and fertilizing are good practices to incorporate into your seasonal chores. Removing the dead foliage in the fall offers the advantage of preventing problems, like asparagus beetles, from over-wintering in them. Fronds will unfurl from the spears, creating the pretty, airy foliage that feeds the plant. So it's worth your time to take care of your plants, keeping the crowns healthy and vigorous to ensure a bountiful harvest each year. Asparagus needs regular watering, especially while young; give it 1 to 2 inches of water per week during its first two growing seasons; give older plants about 1 inch per week. Avoid using a cultivator or hoe during spear or fern growth. Thin asparagus does not require peeling. In the spring, dig a trench about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. Keep watch for them as the spears emerge in spring. Set the crown on top of the mound, spreading the roots down the sides. Fibrous and bulbous roots with garden soil right up to the ground year! The care for asparagus ( asparagus officinalis ) bed is the garden 's gift that keeps giving! Soil, and likes drier soil during the first couple of years, plants... Compost peat moss or other organic matter and make sure that your pot has drainage to! Roots to establish abundant spears ready for harvest any health problems occur, they result of. 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