1832 - First Connecticut railroad incorporated as the Boston, Norwich and New London. Connecticut relinquishes Westmoreland area to Pennsylvania. It was adopted in 1639 by Freeman of Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor. Joanna D. Cowden, "The Politics of Dissent: Civil War Democrats in Connecticut,", William J. Breen, "Mobilization and Cooperative Federalism: The Connecticut State Council of Defense, 1917‐1919. Numerous New Light evangelicals were imprisoned or fined. Then, the town manager was instructed to compile lists and total up the number of taxpayers, the number of eligible voters, how many were "decided republicans," "decided federalists," or "doubtful," and finally to count the number of supporters who were not currently eligible to vote but who might qualify (by age or taxes) at the next election. Colored Troops made up of black men and white officers. The U.S. state of Connecticut began as three distinct settlements of Puritans from Massachusetts and England; they combined under a single royal charter in 1663. Religious tensions polarized the state, as the established Congregational Church, in alliance with the Federalists, tried to maintain its grip on power. Bailey had an easier time in 1974 gaining re-election of Senator Abe Ribicoff. [75], On April 11, 2012 the State House of Representatives voted to end the state's rarely enforced death penalty; the State Senate having previously passed the measure on April 5. At the time, many Native American tribes inhabited what we now call Connecticut, and although they had individual names for their different tribes, most of them belonged to the group called Algonquian peoples. The ravages of disease, coupled with trade pressures, invited the Pequots to tighten their hold on the river tribes. It was turned over to the English in 1633 and became Hartford. The result was that liberal Republican Lowell Weicker won the Senate seat with 42% of the vote. interacts with it. Earliest Connecticut cities incorporated - Hartford, Middletown, New Haven, New London and Norwich. In 1914, the Republicans pulled themselves together and resumed their control of state politics. They brought Catholic unskilled labor to a historically Protestant state. The hero of the movement was Yale English professor Governor Wilbur Lucius Cross (1931–1939), who emulated much of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies by creating new public services, contributing to infrastructure projects, and instituting a minimum wage. for the winter, sat in the branches of the tree and guarded the charter. Weicker was repeatedly reelected until being narrowly defeated in 1988. After complex litigation, in 1786, Connecticut dropped its claims by a deed of cession to Congress, in exchange for freedom for war debt and confirmation of the rights to land further west in present-day Ohio, which became known as the Western Reserve. Serious floods cause heavy damage and loss of life. 1633 --John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River. At the Museum of Connecticut History, you’ll find exhibits that trace the growth of the State and its role in the development of the nation. This was the start of self-government in Connecticut. [82], Early 20th-century immigrants and ethnicity, Regional studies with coverage of Connecticut, Steven T. Katz, "The Pequot War Reconsidered.". One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six "The Journal of Negro History", "Prudence Crandall", Vol. It's fluid. [15] The colonists had seen some Indians as a potential deadly threat, and mobilized during both the Pequot war and King Philip's War to eliminate them. for the United States Constitution. Indian pressures were relieved for some time by success in the ferocious Pequot War. Timeline: Settlement of the Colony of Connecticut May 26, 2019 • Pre-Colonization and Settlement Up Through 1763, Hide Featured Image, John Davenport, John Winthrop Jr., Everyday Life, Exploration and Discovery, Pequot War, The State 86-1. [50], As the war ended the worldwide epidemic of "Spanish Flu" hit the state. Labor unions were very powerful after the war, peaking in clout in the early 1970s. The result was a centralization of power that bothered many local church activists. [61] Ken Burns focused on Waterbury's munitions production in his 2007 miniseries The War. An estimated 50,000 trees fell onto roadways.[60]. 1633 --The Dutch erect a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, on the future site of Hartford. 1959 - General Assembly votes to abolish county government (effective 1960); also to abolish local justice courts and establish district The conservative elite strongly supported the American revolution, and the forces of Loyalism were weak. In 1860 paper merges with the Morning Bulletin and continues as Norwich Bulletin to present. 1799 - Eli Whitney procures his first Federal musket contract; within next decade develops a system of interchangable parts, applicable to 1990 - Eunice S. Groark, first woman elected lieutenant governor in Connecticut. In 1915 Connecticut had 40,000 automobiles; five years later it had 120,000. He is the founder of Connecticut and was a Dutch explorer. John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River. [45] Most of the factory workers voted Republican, except the Irish Catholics who were Democrats, so most of the industrial cities voted Republican. [81], On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza shot and killed 26 people, including 20 children and 6 staff, at Sandy Hook Elementary School in the Sandy Hook village of Newtown, Connecticut, and then killed himself. Bailey's usual success in dictating the state ticket was upset in 1970, when the Republican gubernatorial candidate, Congressman Thomas Meskill, defeated a lackluster Democrat. Roger Sherman. Find details Connecticut's -firsts- for the state." 2008 - Connecticut becomes one of the first three states to perform marriages of same-sex couples. … [more] In 1631, the Earl of Warwick granted a patent to a company of investors headed by William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, and Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke. Early Connecticut History Abstract: Connecticut HistoryA Robin's Eye View of Colonial Connecticut History Hi, I'm the ConneCT Kids Colonial Robin, and I'm going to tell you about the colonial history of our great state of Connecticut as seen by the robins. [16] Given the numbers of Native troops fighting with the colonists, along with estimates of Native populations, it is likely that an even larger proportion of Native troops served with Connecticut. 1877 - The first telephone exchange in the world is opened in New Haven, Connecticut. Wesleyan University founded in Middletown. Casualties were high: 2088 were killed in combat, 2801 died from disease, and 689 died in Confederate prison camps. 1633:a major smallpox outbreak may have killed 80% of the native population. In the 21st century, the state is known for production of jet engines, nuclear submarines, and advanced pharmaceuticals. Meanwhile, the heavy demand for labor in the nineteenth century attracted Irish, English and Italian immigrants, among many others, to the medium and small industrial cities. In New London, a 500-foot sailing ship was driven into a warehouse complex, causing a major fire. He was one of the great preachers of his time, an erudite writer on Christian subjects, the first minister of Cambridge, Massachusetts, one of the first settlers and founders of both the city of Hartford and the state of Connecticut, and cited by many as the inspiration for the "Fundamental Orders of Connecticut," cited by some as the world's first written democratic constitution that established a representative government. 1853 - Aetna Life Insurance Company started in Hartford. She was reelected in 1978. The foremost intellectuals were Dwight and Noah Webster, who compiled his great dictionary in New Haven. Jan 1, 1614. Connecticut's first recorded invention was a lapidary machine, by Abel Buell of Killingworth, in 1765. Roosevelt's call for America to be the Arsenal of Democracy led to remarkable growth in munition-related industries, such as airplane engines, radio, radar, proximity fuzes, rifles, and a thousand other products. 1812 - Joseph Barber starts Columbian Register at New Haven. Pratt and Whitney made airplane engines, Cheney sewed silk parachutes, and Electric Boat built submarines. [27] Some of the men were veterans of the winter encampment at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania the previous winter. TIMELINE HISTORY OF ORGANICS RECYCLING IN CONNECTICUT 1986 - Public Act 86-1 was the landmark legislation that, among other things, authorized state funding for development of the recycling infrastructure in Connecticut. In the early 20th century, immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe. Connecticut men help plan and carry out seizure of Ft. Ticonderoga. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. 2000 - June 1, 2000, the ConneCT Kids Website opens for Connecticut's kids at http://www.kids.state.ct.us/. This meeting of Federalist leaders from Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Although most munitions production ended in 1945, new industries had resulted from the war, and manufacturing of high tech electronics and airplane parts continued. Ending Slavery in Connecticut Slavery ended in Connecticut in 1848 Jan 1, … Andros maintained that his commission superseded Connecticut's 1662 charter. Canals were eventually replaced by railroads. The full edition published in 1828 The settlers were one of the first colonists to treat the Native Americans honestly and justly. The state furnished 55,000 men. The government of the United States today is in lineal descent more nearly related to that of Connecticut than to that of any of the other thirteen colonies. This agreement was never really accepted, however, and boundary disputes continued. Eli Whitney procures his first Federal musket contract. Founding Fathers . [46] J. Henry Roraback was the Republican state leader from 1912 to his death in 1937. Jan 1, 1620. They founded the town of Hartford, which soon became an important center of government and trade. the charter and the colonists' legal rights. Tapping Reeve established the first law school in the United States in Litchfield. The lingering Depression soon gave way to an economic buildup as the United States invested in its defense industry before and during World War II (1941–1945). 1978 - Common pleas and juvenile courts become part of the superior court. By 1912, the New Haven operated over 2000 miles of track, and 120,000 employees. Jan 1, 1614. Called today "the Father of Connecticut," Thomas Hooker was a towering figure in the early development of colonial New England.  Hartford. One of Connecticut’s most accomplished citizens — and governors — also had one of the state’s most unusual nicknames. 1745- Connecticut troops under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg. according to the size of their populations. [62], Connecticut industrial workers were very well-paid, many of them in defense industries building nuclear submarines at Electric Boat shipyards, helicopters at Sikorsky, and jet engines at Pratt & Whitney. 2. The Firelands now constitutes Erie and Huron Counties, as well as part of Ashland County, Ohio. These included the 2003 removal from office of the mayors of Bridgeport, Joseph P. Ganim on 16 corruption charges,[72] as well as Waterbury mayor Philip A. Giordano, who was charged with 18 counts of sexual abuse of two girls.[73]. Jan 9, 1788. The increased standard of living could be seen in the various suburban neighborhoods that began to develop outside major cities. At first, Connecticut ignored this situation. The Congregational church was now to be led by local ministerial associations and consociations comprising ministers and lay leaders from a specific geographical area. The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Timeline of Connecticut History The following Timeline of Connecticut History represents … Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year. The good port locations in Massachusetts had been taken, but with the removal of the Pequot Indians, there were good harbors available on Long Island Sound. The Connecticut court met and voted on May 9, 1689 to restore the old charter. ... Connecticut History Timeline created by bjablonski42. This law said that the American Colonies would have to pay to have official They had gained middle-class status through good-paying industrial jobs and became stranded. On the return march, Continental Army troops and militia led by General David Wooster and General Benedict Arnold engaged the British at Ridgefield in 1777, which would deter future strategic landing attempts by the British for the remainder of the war. 1902 - Constitutional Convention held; proposed new constitution defeated in a statewide referendum. The system survived to the mid-nineteenth century, well after Congregationalism was officially this disestablished in the state of Connecticut.[20][21]. Jan 1, 1848. Act passed providing for emancipation at age of twenty - five of all Negroes born after March 1784. As the accused perpetrators of the Petit murders were out on parole, Governor M. Jodi Rell promised a full investigation into the state's criminal justice policies. A large assembly was called to discuss the situation, and the charter was put on a table. The accident rate rose when efforts were made to save on maintenance costs. Manufacture of tinware begun at Berlin by Edward and William Pattison. They bought the land that they settled from the natives. 1646 - New London founded by John Winthrop, Jr. 1650 - Code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow and adopted by legislature. Religious and civic leaders in Connecticut around 1700 were distressed by the colony-wide decline in personal religious piety and in church discipline. of various Algonquin tribes. Much of their money went into a great ship sent to London in 1646, with £5000 in cargo of grain and beaver pelts. Damage totaled $235 million, including 20 houses that were destroyed in East Haven. According to legend, it was hidden in the Charter Oak. Connecticut History for Kids! In 1818, a new constitution was adopted that was the first piece of written legislation to separate church and state in Connecticut, and give equality all religions. which has been called the first written constitution. 1982 - Appellate Court created by Constitutional Amendment (Effective July 1, 1983.). [53] Since transatlantic civilian travel was almost impossible in 1914–20, the flow of new immigrants ended. The First American music school is opened in Salem, Connecticut. Jan 1, 1630. In area it is the third smallest U.S. state, but it ranks among the most densely Additional incidents began to involve the colonists in the area in 1635, and next spring their raid on Wethersfield prompted the three towns to meet. Until the late nineteenth century Connecticut agriculture included tobacco farms. Connecticut's political system was practically unaffected by the Revolution. In 1903 he brought in Charles Mellen as president (1903-1913). 1848 - Slavery is abolished in Connecticut. Gov. 1614 - The first Europeans we saw landing on Connecticut shores were Dutch traders who sailed up the Connecticut River around the year 1614, 1965 - Constitutional Convention held. 1960 - Ground broken for first building in Hartford's Front Street redevelopment area; now known as Constitution plaza. [67] She faced a major crisis in 1978 when "The Blizzard of 78" dropped 30 inches of snow across the state, crippling highways and making virtually all roads impassible. American word Quinatucquet, meaning "beside the long tidal river.". Connecticut's dependence on the defense industry posed an economic challenge at the end of the Cold War. The Timeline Important Dates in Connecticut's History. Washington and Rochambeau confer at Webb House in Wethersfield. Every town manager was told by state leaders "to appoint a district manager in each district or section of his town, obtaining from each an assurance that he will faithfully do his duty." First English settlers in Windsor arrive in summer. He returned with a royal charter This document was important Ground broken for first building in New Haven's Oak Street redevelopment area. In October 2008, the Supreme Court of Connecticut ordered same-sex marriage legalized. The state was known for its political conservatism, typified by its Federalist party and the Yale College of Timothy Dwight. 1987 - DEP established a Source Reduction and Recycling Program to help implement Public Act (P.A.) They gave up their theocracy but became well integrated, with numerous important leaders and (after Yale opened in 1701), influential academics. To learn more about Museum collections & exhibits, follow the … [47] Connecticut was the last state (in 1955) to adopt the party primary system, and it was used only if a loser wanted to challenge the choice of the state convention. 1787 - Connecticut sent three representatives to the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention; Oliver Ellsworth, William Samuel Johnson and 1958 - 129 - mile Connecticut Turnpike opened. For the winter of 1778–79, General George Washington decided to split the Continental Army into three divisions encircling New York City, where British General Sir Henry Clinton had taken up winter quarters. Semi-nomadic in lifestyle, these peoples moved seasonally to take advantage of various resources in the area. Weicker retired after a single term. The site was named "House of Hope" (also identified as "Fort Hoop", "Good Hope" and "Hope"), but encroaching English colonists made them agree to withdraw in the 1650 Treaty of Hartford. Original Connecticut Colony settlements were at Windsor in 1633; at Wethersfield in 1634; and in 1636, at Hartford and Springfield, (the latter was administered by Connecticut until defecting in 1640.) Rochambeau and Washington also planned in Wethersfield the Battle of Yorktown and the British surrender. The leaders attempted numerous merchandising enterprises, but they all failed. The New Lights responded by their own political organization, fighting it out town by town. Farming on the poor soil of the colony was a formula for poverty and discouragement. Fort erected at Saybrook by Lion Gardiner. Effectively residents were restricted to their homes. In the Treaty of Hartford in 1638, the various New England colonies and their Native allies divided the lands of the Pequots, along with surviving Pequots, taken captive by the various tribes, amongst themselves. Connecticut had some difficulty in projecting its identity, with no big-league sports teams and its media markets dominated by outside television stations in New York, Providence, Rhode Island and Springfield, Massachusetts. This was a major contribution to modern manufacturing processes. The hurricane caused extensive damage to infrastructure, homes and businesses. Dutch traders had purchased land from the Pequot Tribe and made a permanent settlement. Greenwich lost 12 residents, Stamford and Norwalk each lost nine and Darien lost six. There were hundreds of Algonquian tribes, although … But in late October 1687, Andros arrived with troops and naval support. ... Connecticut History Timeline created by AvaK. Rhode Island and Vermont, secretly adopted seven proposed amendments to the Federal Constitution that were later accused of being treasonous. They shared languages based on Algonquian. But the Puritans of New Haven were too conservative, and too wedded to their new land to leave or join the Anglicans in New York. Connecticut officially extends jurisdiction over Susquehanna Company area in Northern Pennsylvania. They captured Fort Griswold and burned many buildings in the town. [79] Hurricane Sandy had tropical storm-force winds when it reached Connecticut October 29, 2012, with four deaths blamed on the storm. 1818 - New Constitution adopted by convention in Hartford and approved by voters; ends system of established church. The poor conditions were catalysts for militant movements pushing to gentrify ghettos and desegregate the urban school systems, which were surrounded by majority-white suburbs. Fatalities were high because the state was a travel hub, was heavily urbanized so germs spread faster, and had many recent immigrants in densely settled areas. 1634 - Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts. put out the candles, and in the darkness the charter was taken away. The most famous example of this was the tax on tea. With the newfound money, great educational and cultural initiatives were carried out, including the construction of the Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center. They funded the establishment of the Saybrook Colony (named for the two lords) at the mouth of the Connecticut River, where Fort Saybrook, was erected in 1636. It never arrived. [35][36][37], Politics became red hot during the war. More complex was the situation of Senator Thomas Dodd, a Democrat who had been censured by the Senate for his misuse of campaign funds. 1844 - Dr. Horace Wells uses anesthesia at Hartford. With the ethnics loyal to the Democratic Party, and labor unions at their peak, the Democratic Party strongly endorsed the New Deal coalition and its liberalism. In exchange, Rye was granted to New York, along with a 1.81-mile-wide (2.91 km) strip of land running north from Ridgefield to Massachusetts alongside Dutchess, Putnam, and Westchester Counties, New York, known as the "Oblong". Connecticut, the area is home to thousands of Native Americans Connecticut's suburbs thrived as people moved to newer housing via subsidized highways, while its cities peaked in the 1950s and then began a slow downhill slide as population spread into widely dispersed regions. This review will focus on what the site currently offers, before tantalizing readers with the … One major Revolutionary War battle was fought in Connecticut. First banks established at Hartford, New London and New Haven. Known as the "land of steady habits" for its political, social and religious conservatism, the colony prospered from the trade and farming of its ethnic English Protestant population. [64] These party leaders controlled their legislative delegations and ran the state conventions that selected nominees for the top offices. 1851 - Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company started (under another name) in Hartford. Stone tools were used for hunting, fishing, and woodworking. It drafted articles which rejected extreme localism or Congregationalism that had been inherited from England, and replaced it with a system similar to what the Presbyterians had. Another law was passed to prevent the opening of a New Light seminary. In the House of Representatives they would be represented All of the colonies sent representatives. At the beginning of the 1960s, the increased job market gave the state the highest per capita income in the nation. Oliver Cromwell recommended that they all migrate to Ireland, or to Spanish territories that he planned to conquer. This, in turn, created a good relationship between the two. More and more it was realized that the New Haven colony was a hopeless endeavor. 1943 - General Assembly established Inter - Racial Commission, recognized as the nation's first statutory civil rights agency. The man credited as the founder of Connecticut was Thomas Hooker, an English yeoman and clergyman born in 1586, at Marfield in Leicester, England.He was educated at Cambridge, where he received a Bachelor's in 1608 and a Master's in 1611. The site seemed ideal for trade, with a good port lying between Boston and the Dutch city of New Amsterdam (New York City), and good access to the furs of the Connecticut River valley settlements of Hartford and Springfield. Governor Jonathan Trumbull was elected every year from 1769 to 1784. 2001 - 9/11 Terrorist attacks on New York City kill 152 Connecticut citizens. 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